Home care is assistance that enables a qualified individual with special needs to remain at home. It may be for individuals who are aging (aging out of place). It may also be for those who are chronically sick, recuperating from an illness, or injured. Home care services comprise all services that are provided to an individual who needs assistance to live alone. The service may be residential, non-residential, full-time, or part-time. These services are offered by family members, friends, and other caregivers.
A full-time home care service provides assistance to assist with activities of daily living, while a part-time provider provides support on an intermittent basis. Part-time providers tend to have less direct contact with their clients, while full-time providers are usually employed in a health care setting or related field. There are many types of home care services. Some include: personal care, assisted living, in-home care, home health care, hospital-based care, geriatric care, and home health care aide. Most allow the client to maintain their independence and provide supervision, assistance with daily tasks, and assistance with activities of daily living.
The primary objective of patient autonomy is to ensure that patients have a high degree of control over the decision-making process, and the manner in which treatment is administered. The ultimate objective is to ensure that people can make informed decisions about their healthcare. In a home health care setting, this means that the patient is able to choose the level of care, the type of medications, and the frequency of medical appointments.
The use of evidence-based practice guidelines has been shown to have a favorable effect on patient outcomes. Such guidelines involve both the process by which patients are assessed and the use of medication management. Evidence-based guidelines help reduce the occurrence and severity of adverse outcomes, such as fatigue, pain, and depression. Such protocols may also reduce the use of harmful interventions, such as sedatives and opioid analgesics.
The use of safety guidelines has been shown to be associated with lower incidences of falls and injury. Additionally, home environments that foster patient safety also tend to contain fewer distractions. Studies have shown that patients who spend more time in safety-barrier-equipped environments are less likely to experience withdrawals during drug treatments. Also, more time spent in a safety-barrier setting improves patient outcomes, as well as caregiver satisfaction. These results are consistent across different settings, ranging from hospitals to home health care agencies.
A major concern for caregivers is the presence of potentially risky interventions. Research has shown that there is an increased number of health care injuries that result from inappropriate medication use, combined with an absence of clear and reliable evidence-based practice implications. Thus, it is important to implement quality systems that make use of evidence-based practice implications and which address common issues such as dose calculations and overdose warnings.
The lack of clear health care or medication management research implications makes many medications such as antidepressants particularly hazardous for seniors with dementia. Dementia is associated with several types of psychiatric illness and the effects of antipsychotic medications are particularly potent. Therefore, all individuals, especially those with dementia, should be under the care of a medical professional who has expertise in medication management. While researchers may not know exactly what goes into a nursing home setting, it is clear that increased medication doses can have a significant impact on patients, even when health care professionals do not consider these interventions.
Learn more: Home care website
In sum, it is clear that evidence-based practice implications play an important role in health care practice. This perspective should be used by health care nurses when creating a care plan for their patients and when addressing risk factors. Such measures can help to reduce the number of mortality among people with dementia and make dementia less serious while reducing stress and other types of harm. For this reason, developing a good care plan requires health care nurses to integrate evidence with clinical expertise. Such an approach is clearly needed to help people with dementia.