Home care is that health care or specialized care given by a private caregiver within the person’s home, rather than primary care given in specialist nursing facilities such as nursing homes or clinics. It differs from “in-home” care in that those requiring this type of care are those who live with their own family members, not in a facility. Home care is also referred to as domiciliary care, community care, or residential care. These services can be given by licensed health professionals or by people who are trained in the provision of personal care and the assistance necessary for such care. This type of care is not recommended for children. It can be life-sustaining when the need for it arises, but care should only be undertaken when the person is safe and capable.
If you suspect that your loved one requires home care, you will first have to develop a care plan. You should work with your loved one’s doctor in developing a medical care plan to address the specific needs. When you meet with your home care provider, you will have to provide details about the specifics of your loved ones’ medical condition and any other special considerations, including your relationship with your caregiver.
The types of home care services include home health care services, which mainly include assistance with physical activities; companionship services, which include assistance with activities of daily living and maintenance of health; day services, which include assistance with day-to-day activities including dressing, bathing, eating, and simple personal care; and long-term care services, which mainly comprise of medication management, support for people with disabilities and routine tasks. Some long-term care services also include occupational and speech therapy. Your caregiver should be trained to administer such services.
The extent of the care required by your loved one will determine the type of home care services that your caregiver should be trained to administer. If your loved one requires only occasional assistance with activities of daily living, your caregiver can perform these tasks. This would be helpful if your loved one still has the capacity to take part in activities of daily living even though he or she is no longer competent to do so. For people who require more extensive assistance, their caregivers are trained to administer all aspects of their care. This may include help with bathing, eating, toileting, medication management, medication shopping, dressing, and walking.
Professional caregivers can administer home care services that involve using mechanical devices or motorized equipment. Examples of this would be electric wheelchairs, mobility scooters, and power scooters. Some individuals may require specialized equipment such as artificial hips, crutches, walkers, and stairlifts. These are just some examples of specialized home care aids. However, professional caregivers also provide personal care services such as helping your loved one with personal hygiene needs such as bathing and shaving.
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You can also hire home care aides who are specially trained to handle bedding and clothing needs. Some individuals may require assistance with dressing, grooming, and hair removal. Dressing up your senior or disabled family member can be a daunting task. Your aide can assist in taking care of the daily activities of dressing and grooming. This will allow you to concentrate on more important tasks such as medication shopping, medication administration, and medication delivery.
Eldercare helps you to relax while focusing on day-to-day tasks like bathing, dressing, and grooming. Some individuals who need assistance with dressing may find it difficult to get access to items needed for their attire. There are several senior home care aides who have special training for tasks like bathing. They use special products for washing and drying the elderly. In addition, they can assist the client in ironing clothes.
When you are in a receiving care facility, you are separated from other family members and friends. This is one of the most challenging aspects of receiving care for someone who cannot speak for himself/herself. You need assistance with everyday tasks like bathing and grooming. In addition to daily tasks, companionship is also needed by the person receiving care. The staffs at the private health institutions understand this requirement and provide companionship to their clients. In some facilities like assisted living communities, companionship is provided by an assigned caregiver.